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Simple Authentication and Security Layer (SASL) vulnerabilities

Simple Authentication and Security Layer (SASL) is an authentication layer used in Internet protocols. SASL is not a protocol, but rather a framework that provides developers of applications and shared libraries with mechanisms for authentication, data integrity–checking, and encryption. Within the framework and a few of its plugins, there are a couple of known vulnerabilities that we want to make … [Read more...]

Exploit kits: summer 2018 review

The uptick trend in cybercriminals using exploit kits that we first noticed in our spring 2018 report has continued into the summer. Indeed, not only have new kits been found, but older ones are still showing signs of life. This has made the summer quarter one of the busiest we’ve seen for exploits in a while. Perhaps one caveat is that, apart from the RIG and GrandSoft exploit kits, we … [Read more...]

‘Hidden Bee’ miner delivered via improved drive-by download toolkit

This blog post was authored by @hasherezade and Jérôme Segura. We recently detected a drive-by a download attempt trying to exploit CVE-2018-4878, a vulnerability in Flash Player, in a sequence that was not matching any of the exploit kit patterns that we currently track. Upon investigation, we discovered something that was new to us, but is part of an existing exploitation framework discovered in … [Read more...]

Cybercrime tactics & techniques Q2 2018

A generally slow quarter reflects an overall lull in cybercrime, picking up where Q1 left off with cryptominers continuing to dominate, ransomware continuing to evolve through experimentation, and exploits making a small but significant comeback. In nearly every malware category for both business and consumer detections, we saw a decrease in volume, corroborating our general “Dang, it’s been a … [Read more...]

Magniber ransomware improves, expands within Asia

This blog post was authored by @hasherezade and Jérôme Segura. The Magnitude exploit kit is one of the longest-serving browser exploitation toolkits among those still in use. After its inception in 2013, it enjoyed worldwide distribution with a liking for ransomware. Eventually, it became a private operation that had a narrow geographic focus. During 2017, Magnitude delivered Cerber ransomware via … [Read more...]

Exploit kits: Spring 2018 review

Since our last report on exploit kits, there have been some new developments with the wider adoption of the February Flash zero-day, as well as the inclusion of a new exploit for Internet Explorer. We have not seen that many changes in the drive-by landscape for a long time, although these are the results of improvements closely tied to malspam campaigns and exploits embedded within Microsoft … [Read more...]

Blocks for Flash and others coming to Office 365

If you’re a user of Microsoft Office products such as Word and Excel, you’re probably aware that they’ve been used as inroads for malware for a long, long time. But what about malware attacks without Macros? Sure. Macro malware for Macs? That, too. Malicious documents and spying tools? Danger, Will Robinson. We have some good news and some bad news. The good news is that monthly … [Read more...]

Adobe Reader zero-day discovered alongside Windows vulnerability

During the first half of 2018, we have witnessed some particularly interesting zero-day exploits, including one for Flash (CVE-2018-4878) and more recently for Internet Explorer (CVE-2018-8174). The former was quickly used by exploit kits such as Magnitude, while it is only a matter of time before we see the latter being weaponized more widely. We can now add to that list an Adobe Reader zero-day … [Read more...]

Internet Explorer zero-day: browser is once again under attack

In late April, two security companies (Qihoo360 and Kaspersky) independently discovered a zero-day for Internet Explorer (CVE-2018-8174), which was used in targeted attacks for espionage purposes. This marks two years since a zero-day has been found (CVE-2016-0189 being the latest one) in the browser that won’t die, despite efforts from Microsoft to move on to the more modern Edge. The … [Read more...]

SamSam ransomware: what you need to know

SamSam ransomware is a custom infection used in targeted attacks, often deployed using a wide range of exploits or brute-force tactics. Based on our own run-ins with the infection, we’ve observed that attacks were made on targets via vulnerable JBoss host servers during a previous wave of SamSam attacks in 2016 and 2017. In 2018, SamSam uses either vulnerabilities in remote desktop protocols … [Read more...]