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New social engineering toolkit draws inspiration from previous web campaigns

Some of the most common web threats we track have a social engineering component. Perhaps the more popular ones are those encountered via malvertising, or hacked websites that push fraudulent updates. We recently identified a website compromise with a scheme we had not seen before; it’s part of a campaign using a social engineering toolkit that has drawn over 100,000 visits in the past … [Read more...]

Magecart criminals caught stealing with their poker face on

Earlier in June, we documented how Magecart credit card skimmers were found on Amazon S3. This was an interesting development, since threat actors weren’t actively targeting specific e-commerce shops, but rather were indiscriminately injecting any exposed S3 bucket. Ever since then, we’ve monitored other places where we believe a skimmer might be found next. However, we were … [Read more...]

Say hello to Lord Exploit Kit

Just as we had wrapped up our summer review of exploit kits, a new player entered the scene. Lord EK, as it is calling itself, was caught by Virus Bulletin‘s Adrian Luca while replaying malvertising chains. In this blog post, we do a quick review of this exploit kit based on what we have collected so far. Malwarebytes users were already protected against this attack. Exploit kit or … [Read more...]

No summer break for Magecart as web skimming intensifies

This summer, you are more likely to find the cybercriminal groups Magecart client-side rather than poolside. Web skimming, which consists of stealing payment information directly from within the browser, is one of today’s top web threats. Magecart, the group behind many of these attacks, gained worldwide attention with the British Airways and TicketMaster breaches, costing the former … [Read more...]

Exploit kits: summer 2019 review

In the months since our last spring review, there has been some interesting activity from several exploit kits. While the playing field remains essentially the same with Internet Explorer and Flash Player as the most-commonly-exploited, it is undeniable that there has been a marked effort from exploit kit authors to add some rather cool tricks to their arsenal. For example, several exploit kits … [Read more...]

Fake jquery campaign leads to malvertising and ad fraud schemes

Recently we became aware of new domains used by an old malware campaign known as ‘fake jquery’, previously documented by web security firm Sucuri. Thousands of compromised websites are injected with a reference to an external JavaScript called jquery.js. However, there is something quite elusive about this campaign with regards to its payload. Indeed, to many researchers the … [Read more...]

GreenFlash Sundown exploit kit expands via large malvertising campaign

Exploit kit activity has been relatively quiet for some time, with the occasional malvertising campaign reminding us that drive-by downloads are still a threat. However, during the past few days we noticed a spike in our telemetry for what appeared to be a new exploit kit. Upon closer inspection we realized it was actually the very elusive GreenFlash Sundown EK. The threat actors behind it … [Read more...]

Magecart skimmers found on Amazon CloudFront CDN

Late last week, we observed a number of compromises on Amazon CloudFront – a Content Delivery Network (CDN) – where hosted JavaScript libraries were tampered with and injected with web skimmers. Although attacks that involve CDNs usually affect a large number of web properties at once via their supply chain, this isn’t always the case. Some websites either use Amazon’s … [Read more...]

Skimmer acts as payment service provider via rogue iframe

Criminals continue to target online stores to steal payment details from unaware customers at a rapid pace. There are many different ways to go about it, from hacking the shopping site itself, to compromising its supply-chain. A number of online merchants externalize the payment process to a payment service provider (PSP) for various reasons, including peace of mind that transactions will be … [Read more...]

Exploit kits: spring 2019 review

Exploit kit activity remains fairly unchanged since our last winter review in terms of active distribution campaigns. But this spring edition will feature a new exploit kit and another atypical EK, in that it specifically goes after routers. The main driver behind these drive-by download attacks are various malvertising chains with strong geolocation filtering. This explains why some exploit … [Read more...]